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诗词品读┃张九龄:感遇·其四(徒言树桃李,此木岂无阴)

2019-07-25 点击:565 钢材新闻

[唐]张九龄

长江以南有丹橘。

这片土地的温暖是什么?自我冷却。

可以推荐客人,为什么不阻碍。

当只遇到生命时,就找不到循环。

桃李的话,这筏没有阴?

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长江以南有枝叶,冬季不常绿。

南部国家温暖而温暖,但它具有松柏的特征。

推荐的客人会受到称赞,如何为山区防水做出贡献?

命运遭遇往往是不同的,因果关系的奥秘很难找到。

只说桃子和李子有果实和森林,是不是阴?

易:辅助词。冷心之年:意味着抗寒的特点。

推荐:输入致敬。

树:种植意图。

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读丹丹之歌张九龄的诗,很容易想到屈原《橘颂》。屈原出生在南方,橘子树出生在南方。他的文章《橘颂》在开头说:“在嘉靖皇帝之后,橙色徕徕兮兮受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受受很难看到。张九龄也是南方人,他的执政荆州,荆州(楚国的首都)的州长,原来是一个着名的橙色种植区。

在他的诗开头,他说:“长江以南有一片橘子,冬天是绿色的森林。”屈原的着名句子告诉我们:“袅袅兮秋风,洞庭波在树叶下。”可以看出,即使在南方国家,当秋天结束时,树木也不可避免地被震动,它们怎能承受严酷的冬天的蹂躏?和丹橙,但“通过冬季绿色森林。”一个“犹太人”这个词充满了赞美。

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Dan orange is still green in winter, is it because of its unique location? Still out of nature? If it is geographically advantageous, it is not worthy of praise. So the poet asked: Is it because of the "warm air"? First of all, the anti-slang language is "vertical", and the affirmative language "self-aged chilling heart" is "received", and it is full of enthusiasm. "Age of chills" is generally about pines and cypresses. "Zhang Jiuling specially wants to praise the tannins like pine and cypress, which is very cold-resistant. It is profound.

"After the winter and green forests", it is worthy of praise for not changing the age of the cold; it bears fruitful results, and only seeks to contribute to people, but also shows the noble character. It is said that such Jiashujiaguo should be recommended to the guests, but it is blocked by the mountains and deep waters, why not! Read the phrase "Why do you stop the deep", such as the sound of sigh.

"The fate is only encountered, the cycle can not be found." It seems that the fate of life is due to the difference, but the truth, such as the natural principle of the cycle, can not be pursued. The feelings of these two poems are very complicated, seemingly helpless self-deprecating words, and they seem to have unspeakable concealment and euphemism. Finally, the poet concealed the whole poem with a resentful tone: "The singer tree peach and plum, this raft has no yin?" - People are only busy cultivating those peach trees and plum trees, hardly do not want orange trees, can't orange trees not cover the shade, no use ? In the front, I have written that it has the beauty of "the green forest in the winter", and the "can recommend the guests", and "who", so why?《韩非子。外储说左下》There is a fable story: Yang Hu said to Zhao Jianzhu that he had personally cultivated a group of talents, but when he was in distress, they did not help him.

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Therefore, he sighed: "The tiger is not good at the tree." Zhao Jian said: "The tree is orange citron, the food is sweet, the smell is fragrant; the tree is thorny, and the person is stabbed. Therefore, the gentleman is careful." >

Only the peaches and plums are excluded from the citrus pomelo. Such a "gentleman" can't always say "careful tree"!

xx杜甫在他的诗《八哀。故右仆射相国张公九龄》中称赞张九龄,“诗歌绰绰有余,最后的话语很清楚。”后一句话是他的诗歌语言清新简洁;前一句话是说他的诗意形象超乎想象。有想象力和联想的空间。读这首诗,我们当然不会想到当时政治事务的黑暗和诗人的沮丧!这首诗朴实而简洁。在一个简短的章节中,用于提问的句子总是具有积极和消极的波动,而诗歌的语调则是温柔,圆润,愤怒或悲伤,没有任何痕迹,没有内疚。它达到了火是纯净的点。

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